Protein complex linked to memory
The researchers showed that synaptic strength is controlled by the complex of CaMKII with another molecule called the NMDAR-type glutamate receptor (NMDAR).
The experiments were done using small slices of rat hippocampus, the part of the brain crucial for memory storage.
To prove their hypothesis, the team first strengthened a synapse, eventually saturating it to the point where no more learning or memory could take place. They then added a chemical called CN-19 to the synapse, which they suspected would dissolve the CaMKII/NMDAR complex. As predicted, it did in fact make the synapse weaker, suggesting the loss of memory.
“You have to understand how memory works before you can understand the diseases of memory,” said Professor John Lisman.
Ref.: J. Lisman, et al., Role of the CaMKII/NMDA Receptor Complex in the Maintenance of Synaptic Strength, Journal of Neuroscience, 2011; 31 (25): 9170 [DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1250-11.2011]